CLASSROOM REVAMPING AND ACTIVE LEARNING METHODOLOGY

Vision:

To initiate Activity Based Teaching-Learning to ensure that the youth of Gujarat receive the opportunity to enhance their involvement in classroom through active participation in learning through meaningful interaction.

RATIONALE:

The teachers and learners need to work in tandem and interaction to make the whole process of teaching – learning very interesting and fun. A Chinese proverb captures it effectively –
What I hear, I forget
What I see, I remember
What I do, I know and understand
The advantages of activity based vis-a-vis conventional teaching- learning is manifold.

Conventional against Activity Based Teaching-Learning

Conventional Activity Based
Lecture Based Task Based
Teacher Centric Student Centric
More opportunity to teachers More opportunity to students
Emphasis is on examination assessment Emphasis is on promoting learning
Students are passive listeners Students are active participants

CURRENT SCENARIO:

In Traditional Teaching, students are passive receptors wherein teachers epically deposit concepts and information, as a result of which students have tended to develop short term memories and reading skills, instead of true knowledge. This can be termed as Passive Learning, while Activity Based Learning involves students and helps them understand and gain practical knowledge.

Some difficulties with the Conventional System:

  • Front to back seating arrangements
  • No emphasis on obtaining student feedback of the course progress
  • Compulsory attendance
  • Overemphasis on marks and grading
  • Absence of meaningful dialogue between students and teachers
  • The noninvolvement cycle

Some Statistics reported by Meyers and Jones (1993):

  • Students are not attentive to what is being said in a lecture 40% of the time
  • Students retain 70% of the information in the first ten minutes of a lecture but only 20% in the last ten minutes.
  • Four months after taking an introductory psychology course, students know only 8% more than students who had never taken the course.

STRATEGY:

  • Visit by a core group to Primary Schools in Chennai to understand the system.
  • Workshop / Orientation for University.
  • Preparing Activity Based Teaching – Learning material in
    • Different subjects of Science for UG and PG classes as a pilot project.
  • Providing classroom setting with suitable furniture for active learning.

GOAL:

A variety of interactive activity oriented teaching modules based on locally available resources and social principles can certainly stimulate interest and involvement in the teaching – learning exercises. In fact, students’ active participation with involvement would raise the potential for building their knowledge rather than being passive learners. Such an approach of Activity Learning Methodology (ALM) would improve the self- confidence of learners in the developmental stages of their learning.